Norway pine

Pinus resinosa Aiton

Red pine is a valuable, fast-growing timber tree less generally distributed than eastern white pine. It is found commonly on the sandy soils adjacent to the Adirondacks and frequently on dry benches in west-central New York. The wood is light, medium in texture, close-grained, pale red in color, and is often sold as white-pine lumber. Because of its rapid growth and relative freedom from insects and diseases, it has been commonly planted on many of the thousands of acres of idle land in the state. This species does not grow well on poorly drained soils.

Bark - reddish brown in color, with shallow, flat ridges separating into thin, flaky scales.

Twigs - coarse, reddish brown in color, roughened at base of year's growth.

Winter buds - rather inconspicuous, with pointed reddish brown scales.

Leaves - needle-like, in clusters of 2, 3 to 6 inches long, dark green in color, slender, remaining on twigs 3 to 4 years.

Fruit - a cone, 2 inches long, without stem, requiring 2 years to mature, light brown in color when ripe, staying on the tree into the next season. Cone scales - without spines or prickles.   Seeds - 2 under each scale, winged, light chestnut brown in color, 1/8 inch long, ripening in September.

Distinguishing features - needles in 2's, breaking cleanly when bent; nearly round cone without prickles.

41a. Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris Linnaeus) from Europe has been planted extensively throughout the state. It has naturalized from many of these plantings and is found in a variety of habitats. Its blue-green, twisted flat needles in clusters of 2, tapering cone 2 to 3 inches long with greenish scales, and the orange-brown bark on upper stem and branches, are its main characters. It is used for pulpwood, framing lumber, ties, and Christmas trees.

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